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TDLC’s Structured Learning and Research Activities October 2017

Saturday, November 11th, 2017

TDLC is delivering various knowledge products in collaboration with Japanese and global partners as well as relevant teams and Global Practices in the World Bank. The materials document Japanese development approaches in specific thematic areas with the ultimate goal of applying them to Bank operations in developing countries.

Development Knowledge of Toyama City

Toyama3

Located nearly 250 km northwest of Tokyo on the central Japanese island of Honshu, Toyama City is a key center for high tech, robotics, banking, and pharmaceutical industries, and is also home to major hydroelectric power industry. Toyama Bay to the 3000 meter or 10,000 feet high crest of the Northern Japan Alps, which is only 34 km from the city center. The recorded annual snowfall on the Northern Japan Alps is among the highest in the world. The heavy snowmelt and loose volcanic soils under the city can combine to produce major floods. In addition, 70% of city lands are forested and there are abundant agricultural lands within the city limits. The report aims to report how various urban development challenges were addressed in the past in Toyama City and how these experiences could be transferred/translated to other cities in the world. Main themes of the report include vision and senior leadership, innovative mindset, strong partnership with stakeholders and multiple benefits from one policy. WB_Toyama_Development_Knowledge.pdf

 

The Case of Kobe: Effective Recovery after a Catastrophic Earthquake - Community, Financial and Environmental Collaboration

Kobe

On the morning of January 17, 1995, the people of Kobe and surrounding areas were awoken by large tremors. The tremors were the result of a magnitude 7.3 earthquake, the so-called Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake. The earthquake was a prominent example of an urban disaster, inflicting severe damage to the city just like subsequent devastating disasters such as Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans in 2005, Bangkok flooding in 2011, and Hurricane Sandy in New York in 2012. The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake was the first catastrophic disaster to hit a modern urban city in Japan. Casualties were reported at 6,402 people, and economic loss and damage was estimated at about JPY10 trillion, which accounted for 1.87% of the Japanese GDP of that year. About 100,000 houses were completely destroyed and 316,000 people had to evacuate. PB_KobeEarthquake.pdf

 

The Case of Yokohama: Developing the Waterfront District as a High-Amenity Business and Commercial Center

Yokohama2

Minato Mirai 21 is internationally known as a high-amenity business, residential, and historical waterfront district between Yokohama’s major railway terminal and traditional downtown districts. The large site was originally used as a part of Yokohama Port’s backyard and shipyard for Japan’s growing international and domestic trade activities in past decades. However, heavy manufacturing and maritime transport and warehouse activities were diminished by the 1960s. When the Minato Mirai 21 waterfront development plan was proposed, Yokohama faced several urban issues related to rapid population growth, housing shortage, motorization, traffic congestion, and environmental pollution. Its business decline was especially serious for two major reasons. JPB_Yokohama_MinatoMirai21.pdf


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